Keep the sick person(s) away from other people as much as possible (see "placement of the sick person") especially others who are at high risk for complications from influenza
Remind the sick person to cover their coughs, and clean their hands with soap and water often. If soap and water are not available, they should use an alcohol-based hand rub, especially after coughing and/or sneezing
Have everyone in the household clean their hands often, using soap and water (or an alcohol-based hand rub, if soap and water are not available). Children may need reminders or help keeping their hands clean
Ask your health care provider if household contacts of the sick person-particularly those contacts who may be pregnant or have chronic health conditions-should take antiviral medications such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza) to prevent the flu
If you are in a high risk group for complications from influenza, you should attempt to avoid close contact (within six feet) with household members who are sick with influenza. If close contact with a sick individual is unavoidable, consider wearing a facemask or respirator, if available and tolerable. Infants should not be cared for by sick family members.